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  • Analysing The Modern Family (Sitcom) with Real Life Examples This post is written as a commentary to the original wiki submission by puddingz As a huge fan of American sitcom Modern Family not only because it is funny but also it portr
    Keyword tags: americafamilygendersingaporetv 
    Last updated: Oct 31 2012, 1:27 AM EDT by Wantonmeepok
  • Title: Marriage and Gender relations between the Ju & Singapore society The government in Singapore plays a part in influencing marriages in Singapore, through its various policies, privileges and incentives. However the state’s interest in encouraging marriages is primarily in its role of procreation. T
    Keyword tags: gendermarriage 
    Last updated: Nov 1 2012, 4:33 AM EDT by contracosmic
  • (contd) Gender inequality: Gender role ideology (continued from above) From the essentialist viewpoint and the idea of "dedicated heterosexuality", females are confined to the public domains because of their biological features that makes them specialize in raising children and managing the household. Whereas the males are EXPECTED to go out to work in the public domains and play the "instrumental role" of providing economic resources for the family. (Maybe you would like to read about gender role ideology that results in gender inequality by a famous sociologist-Talcott Parson, it's v interesting:)

    I also noted that the internalization of gender roles not only occurs at the individual level, but also at the state level. The Singapore government seems to implicitly propagate this ideology through their policies. For instance: compare the EXTENDED maternity leave that a woman, while paternity leave lasts for ONLY three days. Who's job is it to take care of the child? So much for the talk about "shared parenting responsibility".

    While taking the MRT to school every morning, I can't help but notice business women clad in power-suits/pant-suits (those that resemble man's business garment) and adopting characteristics and behaviour associated to masculinity. They would talk loudly on their handphones and using "male-talk" confidently, showing themselves as being "tough" and a worker that is to be "taken seriously".

    This reminds me of a play that I watched in Singapore Repository Theater (SRT) a few years ago (while I was in JC), entitled Top Girls by Caryl Churchil which talks about the ostensible success women have in the working world and how they have to adopt "maleness" in order to be noticed. In spite of all this, they are at the end of the day, entrapped by the glass ceiling that undermines their forward progress.

    Check this out:
    Keyword tags: GenderGender TangoRole 
    Posted: Nov 1 2012, 12:25 AM EDT by paperkites
  • The Gender Roles of Homosexuals This was my review question for the last tutorial. It gave me a lot of insights so I thought I would share it here too. We learned that gender refers to the socio-cultural elaborations of sex, specifically the social practices and
    Keyword tags: gaysgenderhomosexualitylesbianssexuality 
    Last updated: Oct 31 2012, 11:58 PM EDT by samiszai
  • Apparent social equality and gender role socialization Hello audreyeura, I was just browsing through and your article caught my eye. I couldn't agree more with what you said.

    No doubt that female's position in society has been elevated (as compared to 19th-20th century) vis-a-vis their male counterparts. The gender gap has undeniably been narrowed because of the availability of education and the rise feminist movements like those you have mentioned. But we know the truth is, no matter how much the gender gap has reduced, it would still exist as long as gender role socialization is unchanged and internalization of gender role ideology persists. To fully attain a gender-neutral society remains only as an ideal.

    Gender role socialization starts on the first day the child is born, male babies are clad in blue while females are dressed in pink and greeted with "praises" of her looks and her beauty while the male would be descirbed as "active" and "alert". Look at the toys they play eg: females with cooking sets and barbie dolls (as if to reinforce and teach them their future roles as mother-homemaker confined in the kitchen, cooking up meals for the family) while male children are given guns, toy cars that would stress aggression, competition and spatial manipulation. What seems natural is actually internalized and socially reinforced and gender roles are "learnt" at the very beginning, deeply entrenched in our minds, thus making it difficult for us to slip out of the binary classification. Men and Females are never equal, because they are taught/socialized to think they are intrinsically different. (contd)
    Keyword tags: GenderRole 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 11:30 PM EDT by paperkites
  • Japan and its 'Herbivore Men' In the history of Japan, gender binary has been pretty much enforced in its culture. Traditionally, men were expected to be the breadwinner in the family, leading to the creation of the salaryman. They were expected to be drinking with clients, vis
    Keyword tags: genderJapan 
    Last updated: Oct 31 2012, 10:42 PM EDT by ravenxeve
  • Rape Culture and Video Games Ah, video games, probably the only place where you can shoot someone in the face, steal cars and be a terrible person without any consequences. In fact, in some games, you might even be encouraged to take on a morally grey role. As a result, video
    Keyword tags: gendervideo games 
    Last updated: Oct 31 2012, 10:35 PM EDT by ravenxeve
  • Family in Flux Hi puddingz, I agree with what you said about the changing notions of family. I would like to add on to your analysis by considering whether the media has an impact on the family, or do the media merely reflect these changes in the family.

    I feel that media actually performs a dual function in both reflecting changes as well as creating the room for accepting the changing notions of family. In a way, the media reflects the societal expectations of the notion of family, and at the same time, when more people are exposed to media, it subtly shapes societal norms as well. In this way, studying the primitive cultures contrasted to our modern urbanized processes will illuminate our understanding of ourselves and how the media shapes familial ties.

    I feel that the definition of family is constantly being negotiated, with urbanization and democratization, the powers of the components of the family are in flux. The change in attitudes regarding children in today’s society has elevated the position of children. In a way, the children of today are given more autonomy and are treated more kindly than in the past. These changing attitudes towards children reflect the change in societal norms. Change is the only constant, hence, I feel that the notion of family will always be in flux.
    Thread location: The Modern Family
    Keyword tags: familygenderkinshipmediaTV 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 8:56 PM EDT by iaknuj
  • Cultural Relativism I think that since the people partaking in the initiation rites believe in the social meanings of this passage, it is all the more important that we should not look at them in ethno-centrism terms. Rather than condemning such pratices and labelling them as abuses, we should try to understand the significance of the initiation rites. This is especially because if one does not go through the initiation rites, one may not be accepted by the society as a adult member and may be excluded or be frown upon. Hence, there should be cultural relativism instead.
    Keyword tags: anthropologygenderinitiationrites 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 4:43 PM EDT by tom_n_jerry
  • Role of cultural practices Just as there are cultural practices to bond males with their communities through male initiation rituals mentioned in Lecture 6, we see a parallel example by the Indian government to incorporate Hijras into local community. By giving them job opportunities that make use of their strengths, the Indian government attempts to reduce the stigma from the local community towards the Hijras. The Indian government tries to naturalize the community into accepting the Hijras by giving them a legitimate job and cultivating the view that they are normal people who can perform useful tasks just like everyone else. This also helps to bond the Hijras to the local community by giving them a position in which they can relate themselves to society.

    The question is, how useful are these methods in helping the Hijras bond with the local community. Do they really help to reduce the negetive views associated with Hijras or does the tax collection job now become implicated and become negetively associate with Hijras? How far can the government go in accepting the Hijras and what are the implications to society?
    Keyword tags: genderhijras 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 9:59 AM EDT by simplysciolus
  • Structure Hmm, I guess in all the examples you posted, women do have a choice in deciding whether to conform to societal expectations, but I think we shouldn't ignore the pressure of the expectations. While they do have a choice, it cannot be denied that there is an immense pressure to conform to expectations - from the time we are born, we are constantly socialised about what is appropriate behaviour in society, and I think it can be very difficult to go against such ingrained ideas of how we are supposed to be like in society. So, in that sense, having a choice doesn't really mean the freedom to really pursue whatever one chooses - there are still many structural constraints and I do think that has to be taken into consideration when talking about the gender gap.
    Thread location: Women and Choice
    Keyword tags: ChoiceFilmGenderVeilingWomen 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 9:53 AM EDT by lilsebastian
  • Women and Choice In Everyday Life in SEA, the chapter Javanese Women and the Veil, we are presented with a new middle age class of young Muslim Javanese women, mainly as a part of the female student body, and their ambiguous effort to reconcile the opportunities for
    Keyword tags: ChoiceFilmGenderVeilingWomen 
    Last updated: Nov 25 2012, 8:31 PM EST by Socect
  • Why Women Can't Do Pull-Ups As seen in the readings, The Dobe Ju/’hoansi and Everyday Life In Southeast Asia (reading on The Fall of Thai Rocky by Pattana Kitiarsa), males are associated with the idea of masculinity. The notion of masculinity can be attributed to various
    Keyword tags: gendermasculinitymenpull-upsstereotypeswomen 
    Last updated: Oct 31 2012, 7:41 AM EDT by lightning23
  • Analysing the Modern Family sitcom with real life examples. (I have initially wanted to comment on your article but I was too engrossed in writing that i exceeded the word limit for posting the comment. Nevertheless, anyone interested in my two cents worth, can read it here

    Looks like you’re a fan of American dramas too! I’m a huge fan of American sitcom Modern Family not only because it is funny but also it portrays the “modern” kinship and family. Although made into a comedy, it does reflect certain truth in today’s society. At the end of each episode, there will always be an emphasis of the importance of having a closely knitted family which sometimes leave me teary eyed as I reflect on how much I have neglected kinship while being so caught up with everyday life’s responsibilities.

    We can observe the similar trends of the American family in reel life and similarly real life. As Alfred Hitchcock once said, “Drama is life with the dull parts left out.” Drama is merely the reflection of everyday life’s events, which paradoxically maybe dramatic itself. (So, who says watching tv is bad? With careful analysis and not blind consumption of information, much can be learned too!) Moreover, as Singapore remains a conservative society, it may be only likely that the tradition family portrayed by Phil and Claire is the most reflective of a typical Singaporean family. Nevertheless, as Singapore is beginning to explore grey areas of homosexuality, it might be easier for homosexuals to come out of the closet in the future (or maybe not?).
    Thread location: The Modern Family
    Keyword tags: familygenderkinshipmediasexualityTV 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 1:29 AM EDT by Wantonmeepok
  • Complications of a "family" I agree that the construction of a family and what defines a family changes over time as society progresses and the entity of what a family is constantly challenged. The examples that you gave are also very insightful and evident in how the media then and now portray what a family is.

    To further add on to the point of what a family constitutes of, I think we can also think about how family violence is played out as well, such as spousal abuse and child abuse. In such a situation, a family is no longer about people who love and care for each other. On the contrary, it comes to represent a sphere of suppression, violence and abuse, and gender stereotypes being played out, such as women must be housewives and stay at home, while the men are the sole breadwinner and head of the family.

    Also, continuing on the topic of a family being a group of people loving and caring for each other, we can also question whether a close bunch of friends can be considered a "family" as well, since they fit the description of giving support, love and care for each other. Or whether a domestic helper who lives with a family can be considered part of the family as well, since the domestic helper provides care and support to the family, and is always in close proximity with them. However, there is also a problem of whether the society accepts such a definition and widening of boundaries as well.

    Family is also a space of socialization of children, where children are taught how to navigate social objects, where social values are taught and regulated, moral values are instilled, and generally what behaviours are acceptable in the society and public sphere.

    Thread location: The Modern Family
    Keyword tags: familygenderkinshipmediasexualityTV 
    Posted: Oct 31 2012, 12:36 AM EDT by wheehw
  • The Heart of Initiation Rites Initiation rites—which signify the transition to adulthood—undertake many different forms across various societies. What seems to be universal, however, is the distinction between what it means to be a child and an adult, in terms of soci
    Keyword tags: anthropologygenderinitiationrites 
    Last updated: Oct 30 2012, 8:51 PM EDT by ecqwre
  • How about this? Hey Audreyerua, this is a great article! What you've said about Billy/Dorothy Tipton is true, in the "Gender Tango", he/she was portrayed as an unfortunate female, limited by the society's perception of gender at the time. However, it must be noted that Jazz was not strictly a gender specific career at the time. The likes of Billie Holiday and Elly Fitzgerald were wildly popular at the time and still retain a respected reputation till today. Assuredly, Dorothy Tipton would probably not have been able to be the leader of the Billy Tipton Trio had Neither did Dorothy Tipton assume the identity of Billy Tipton for fame and a successful career. As Billy Tipton, he gave up several grand opportunities to further his career for the sake of settlling down with a family.

    Since his/her biological female form was only discovered after his/her death, it can never really be explained why she decided to live life as a Billy Tipton.

    Now that you've provided a great idea of patriarchy within the patrilineal society, how about considering the favored position that females had over males in matrilineal societies? In these societies, would feminist movements be deemed redundant?

    Lastly, as an answer to your final question... check out this image!
    Keyword tags: GenderGender TangoRole 
    Posted: Oct 28 2012, 7:39 AM EDT by Carbonfoodprint
  • The Double Shift in the above summary, it was said that the Dadi use the word "manager" to describe her role in the family. It is interesting to note the job connotation that is attached to her role in the family. The word "manager" would usually be associated with being someone's occupation. In the film, Dadi mentions about the housework that she has to do as well as managing the family. Thus, it would make sense that she calls herself the manager of the house as she "manages" everything in the house, including the housework, cooking, as well as managing the family dynamics. This has a deeper implication than just looking after things at home. We should look at this in relation to the role of a woman.

    Women are actors according to the gender script which states that women should stay at home and do domestic work, which includes motherhood and household chores. However, this is changing. the double shift refers to how women are taking two shifts of work instead of the one shift that men take from 9-5pm. After their jobs during the day, their second shift begins when they reach home. As seen in Dadi's Family, the women sometimes have to help out on the farm as well with the men, then return home, only to do more work which the men are not a part of. Some may argue that this is moving towards gender equality as women are given more opportunities in the workplace, but still all boils down to the expected role of being in charge of the domestic sphere of the household.

    Hence my personal opinion is that education may be a leveler for social inequality, providing more opportunities for women, but the question is, does this really steer women towards having equal opportunities as men? In the film, the more educated women move into the urban areas, away from their families. What happens when they start their own family? Would the condition for them to work be to also look after their children?
    Thread location: "Dadi's Family"
    Keyword tags: FamilyFilmsGenderIndiaKinship 
    Posted: Oct 26 2012, 12:14 AM EDT by funkymonkeyy
  • Elaborations based on sexual differences: Context of Singapore Definition of ‘gender’ (according to lecture notes): Social-cultural elaborations based on biological sex differences. Since the past, Singapore has been strongly grounded in the belief of a heterosexual nuclear family as the basic unit of fa
    Keyword tags: gendersexual differencesSingapore 
    Last updated: Oct 21 2012, 9:50 PM EDT by -carpediem
  • The Third Gender: Hijras In India In most societies, people believe that there are only two sexes, male and female. However, the division is not so clear cut sometimes. There are places on other parts of the world whereby gender pluralism is found, which led to anthropologists di
    Keyword tags: genderhijras 
    Last updated: Oct 11 2012, 10:27 PM EDT by
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